Flat Foot

A complex condition causing collapse of the medial arch. Flat foot can occur in the young and the old. Patients often present with heel and arch pain and instability. There are both conservative and surgical options, like orthotics, stretching, physical therapy, and foot reconstruction.

common conditions - flat foot

Cavus Foot

An increase in arch height. Can cause arch pain and is in seen with many different conditions. Cavus foot can be complex, but can be treated the same way as flat foot.

common conditions - cavus foot


Bunions are a common deformity of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (big toe joint) affecting one or both feet. Causing pain and or limited motion at the joint. Patients often have trouble with shoe fitting and can be seen throughout one’s family. Treatment options include conservative management with custom shoes or orthotics, padding, splinting, joint injections as well as surgery ranging from soft tissue to boney procedures.

common conditions - bunions


Patients with bunions often have hammertoe deformities as well, but hammertoes can be seen on their own. Hammertoes can also be seen throughout one’s family, and can affect both feet. Hammertoes can be painful and cosmetically displeasing, making shoewear difficult. Patients can also develop calluses and sometimes wounds due to joint contractures. Treatment often include offloading and padding, strapping, custom shoes and orthotics, as well as, surgical treatment.

common conditions - hammertoes

Ingrown Toenails

Incurvation of one or multiple nail corners, most commonly affecting the big toe. Can cause pain and can lead to infection called paronychia. Some cases require as little as a nail trimming and or wider shoes, while others may require a more permanent procedure with a partial nail avulsion and a phenol and alcohol treatment. P&A entails removing the painful nail border while Phenol is used chemically the focal removing the nail matrix, preventing return of ingrown nail.

common conditions - ingrown toenails